January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968
- American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
- Advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
- Led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped organize the 1963 nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama.
- Helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. One of the greatest orators in American history.
- In 1964, received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance.
- In 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches.
- Opposition towards poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled “Beyond Vietnam”.
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