30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965
- British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
- Churchill was also a non-academic historian, a writer, and an artist.
- His speeches and radio broadcasts helped inspire British resistance, especially during the difficult days of 1940–41 when the British Commonwealth and Empire stood almost alone in its active opposition to Adolf Hitler.
- Led Britain as Prime Minister until victory over Nazi Germany had been secured.
- He won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
- First person to be made an honorary citizen of the United States.
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