14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955
- German-born theoretical physicist.
- Developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics.
- Best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation“).
- Received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his “services to theoretical physics”, in particular his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.
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